R. Tuğrul Senger was born in 1971 in Akhisar, Manisa, Turkey. He graduated from Bornova Anadolu Lisesi and İzmir Fen Lisesi. He received his B.S. (1994), M.S. (1996), and Ph. D. (2000) degrees in physics from Bilkent University. He was an instructor at Bilkent for a year, and a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at Emory University, Atlanta, USA during 2001-03. Dr. Senger worked at TÜBİTAK-UEKAE as a Senior Researcher until he joined Bilkent University in September 2004 as Assistant Professor of Physics. In January 2009 he moved to İzmir Institute of Technology (İYTE) as an Associate Professor and was promoted to full Professor in October 2011. He served in various İYTE administrative positions, including Dean of the Graduate School, Senate Member, and Chair of the Physics Department. Currently, he has been working at the Physics Department of İzmir University of Economics since February 2024.

His Ph. D. research focused on electron-phonon interactions in low-dimensional systems and the theory of polarons and bipolarons. He studied on excitonic properties of highly ionic compounds and heterostructures during his postdoctoral fellowship. His current research interests include computational materials science, quantum transport in nanostructures, and spintronics. He has authored more than 80 articles in peer-reviewed journals.

Dr. Senger received undergraduate scholarships from Bilkent University, TÜBİTAK, and VAKSA, and a graduate fellowship from Münir Birsel Foundation. He received the 2006 "Young Investigator Award (GEBİP)" of the Turkish Academy of Sciences (TÜBA), the 2009 "Young Scientist Award" of FABED, and the 2010 "Research Incentive Award" of ODTÜ Parlar Foundation. He is a member of The Science Academy, Turkey (Bilim Akademisi).

Married to Süheyla Serin Senger.

Father of Ilgın Serin Senger.